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Spatial and Temporal Distributions of Air Pollutants and Size Distribution of Aerosols over Central and Eastern China
作者:重点实验室               发布时间:2017-9-9 14:29:58              浏览量:12

Article

Spatial and Temporal Distributions of Air Pollutants and Size Distribution of Aerosols over Central and Eastern China

Archives of Environmental Contamination And Toxicology

Wang, Honglei; Shen, Lijuan; Zhu, Bin; Kang, Hanqing; Hou, Xuewei; Miao, Qing; Yang, Yang; Shi, Shuangshuang

Abstract

The origins and spatial and temporal distributions of air pollutants (PM2.5, PM10, CO, SO2, NO2 and O-3) during May to June of 2015 were investigated using data from 1490 monitoring sites in China. Aerosol number concentrations and meteorological data from Shijiazhuang, Nanjing, and Suzhou were combined with the MIX Asian emission data and the HYSPLIT model. Furthermore, the diurnal variation, size distribution, and main sources of air pollutants and aerosols were selectively characterized in the North China Plain (NCP) and the Yangtze River Delta (YRD). High values of particulate matter concentrations (PM), including PM2.5 and PM10, occurred in the northwestern and central regions of eastern China. Elevated PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations represented natural dust sources and anthropogenic resident, power plant, industry, and traffic emissions sources, respectively. The concentrated distributions of SO2 were similar to those of PM. The CO concentrations were distributed uniformly in China. High O-3 values occurred above the Qinghai province. During the observation period, the air masses mainly originated from the northwest NCP and from the southwest or northeastern ocean in the YRD, resulting in high concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, SO2, and CO in the NCP, the average values of which were 61.8 +/- 40.0, 118.8 +/- 66.4, 24.1 +/- 24.6 mu g m(-3), and 1.2 +/- 0.9 mg m(-3), respectively, and were 1.2, 1.4, 1.5, and 1.3 times larger than those in the YRD. NO2 had higher concentrations in the YRD with an average of 43.7 +/- 24.8 mu g m(-3), which was 1.2 times larger than that in the NCP. The diurnal variations of PM, NO2 and CO had bimodal distributions and SO2 and O-3 had unimodal distributions in the NCP and YRD. The aerosol number concentrations had average values of 12,661 +/- 5266, 11,189 +/- 5905, and 12,797 +/- 5931 cm(-3) in Shijiazhuang, Nanjing, and Suzhou. Their diurnal variations displayed trimodal peaks at 18:00-21:00, 11:00-14:00, and 06:00-08:00, and their spectra distributions were all unimodal with peaks at 60-70, 60-70, and 100-110 nm, respectively.

DOI:10.1007/s00244-017-0401-1


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